Learn German Software Review

Although not everyone immediately thinks of German when they think about learning a second language, you would be surprised how useful it is, especially in Europe. It is spoken in Germany of course, which is one of the largest countries in Europe in terms of population. It is also spoken in Austria and a large part of Switzerland. You will also find that many people in the nations that surround Germany to the east, like the Czech Republic spreading to the Balkans, speak a bit of German.

It is a good language to have if you want to travel to any of these countries and not resort to speaking English when you get there. It is also a good language to have for business as Germany is an important trading partner with many countries throughout the world, especially in the automobile industry, IT and financial services. Speaking the language can open doors in terms of a career opportunity or potential business partner.

Can using a learn German software package really be the best way for learning a second language? When one considers that thousands of people all over the world today choose to take their language learning education with multimedia programs and online resources, the answer is an obvious yes. Just look at what such a learning experience has to offer; multimedia resources such as audio and video for learning cultural lessons and developing your pronunciation skills, tests and quizzes to check your progress, verb conjugation exercises, and more.

Computer software has revolutionised the way people learn languages. Most software can be instantly downloaded to the computer immediately after purchase. These software packages often include audio, video, flash cards, and other useful components. Many are designed so the buyer can learn in as little as 8 weeks!

Some software chooses to simply tell you what to do without explaining how it is done. The idea behind this is that we pick up languages intuitively and by hearing a language enough it will start to sink in.

In effect this is like the immersion process of learning a language. Immersion is basically about living in a country that only speaks the language. You are motivated to learn it to get by and you are constantly exposed to it so it will eventually sink in.

This is good in theory and most people agree that immersion is the best way to learn. So the software that tries to replicate this process is a good idea but it falls down because the person learning has to be self motivated. They have to use the software often to be suitably immersed in the language. And even if they are fairly self motivated, it is impossible to cut off your ‘real’ life that entails speaking in English.

Other courses are more traditional in the sense that they tell you what to say and then explain why or how this works. So they will tell you what to say in a situation and then explain the rules or grammar of what was said or the meaning of the vocabulary. Grammar may seem completely arbitrary as is the vocabulary. In some cases you just have to learn it or get the basics of it and then you can start being more practical by speaking to people.

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The Hmong People

Who are the Hmong? The Hmong are an ethnic group in Asia, numbering several million people. For at least 2,000 years they populated the mountainous regions of southern China, and, since the 18th century, have spread further south into Indo-China: northern Vietnam, Laos, Thailand and Burma.

The initial “H” in “Hmong” is how the word is pronounced in one dialect. It is spelled without the “H” in the other, as in “Mong.” The history of the Hmong is filled with persecution, privation and exile. First they suffered at the hands of the Han Chinese, and then became refugees on several occasions as they shuttled from area to area, looking for land to till and a place to settle. Some of the clans fought against the Pathet Lao during the “Secret War” waged by the CIA against the Pathet Lao in the early 1970’s. When that communist-nationalist faction eventually took control of the government, the Hmong were slaughtered by the thousands. Many fled to Thailand, where even today many thousands still live. The decade of the 1970’s saw the Hmong dispersed to Australia, Canada, France, French Guiana and the United States. It took the United States 25 years to admit its involvement in the “Secret War,” and even today some of America’s former allies among the Hmong are classified as terrorists because of their work in the “armed conflict” in Laos. (There is no exception for CIA-sponsored “counter-terrorism” in the law.) Thus, they remain unwelcome in the United States.

The “White Hmong,” called Hmong Der, and the “Green” or “Green/Blue Hmong,” (called the Mong Leng) are the two largest subgroups of the Hmong, and their manners of speaking are sufficiently distinct that they are considered separate dialects, though they are intelligible one to the other. The initial “H” in “Hmong” is how the “White Hmong” say it; the lack of the “h” is how the “Green Mong” say it. A number of smaller ethnic and linguistic variations also exist.

China has classified as “Miao” one of the official Chinese minority groups (one of 55), which includes the Hmong and a several related ethnic groups. The Miao live in the south: Yunan, Sichuan, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hunan. Extrapolating from census figures, it is estimated that about 3 million people speak Hmong/Mong in China. Historically, “Miao” referred to the native peoples of China’s southwestern border regions. This Chinese term and words derived from it historically connoted barbarism, and are considered insulting to the Hmong, even though in China the term is regarded as a neutral one.

Today, about 150,000 Hmong live in Thailand, 500,000 in Laos, and almost 1 million in Vietnam. Some also are resident in Myanmar, but no one knows for sure how many they are.

After the diaspora of the Hmong/Mong peoples in 1975, many settled in the United States and Canada, where legislation was adopted for their benefit as victims of ethnic cleansing and as refugees from a violent and cruel war. The trend was to refer to this people as “Hmong,” meaning all of that community, both “white” and “green.” The “Green Mong” eventually succeeded in having their spelling used as well, so that in the United States, at least, it is common to see their ethnic group described as “Hmong/Mong.”

Evidence continues to come out to indicate that the Hmong continue to be the targets of persecution and ethnic cleansing in Laos and Vietnam. The 2006 film, Hunted Like Animals, documents Laotian extermination policies against those who were repatriated from Thailand under a controversial program of the United Nations. Resettlement is still being discussed between the US, Australia, the EU and Canada on the one hand, and Thailand on the other. Access to the refugees, still in the camps of Thailand has been difficult to arrange through the Thai government.

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Learning Chinese Tips for Children, including Pre-schoolers and Toddlers

First things first: Which Chinese to Learn?

Mandarin is the official language of China and Taiwan. It is the dialect of the majority in Mainland China and the Chinese overseas. Cantonese is not as commonly used since Britain’s turnover of Hong Kong to China. It may become a dialect that is used among family and friends.or business purposes, Mandarin is more practical to learn. ChildBook has also carried Cantonese products in the past that took forever to sell.

Learning Chinese at Home

A great way to start your children in learning the Chinese Language is through Learn Chinese DVDs and videos and audio CDs. These DVDs are specially designed to optimally expose your child to the tones of Chinese with fun things to watch. The learning pace in DVDs are carefully programmed to help your child remember the words and phrases. Chinese songs on CDs on the other hand, are great to use while travelling or during your child’s relaxation time. For bigger children, Chinese stories on CDs can be played to expose them further to more Chinese vocabulary and sentence construction.

If one parent speaks Chinese, arrangements can be made that 1 parent will speak to the children in Chinese and the other will speak to them in English. Kids have an amazing ability to keep up with each parent’s language.

Exposing Children to Native Chinese Speakers

• Chinese tutors are available to teach children and even the entire family to speak Chinese. Check online or newspaper ads for available tutors.
• Play dates with children who are learning or already know Chinese is a fantastic way to expose your kids.
• Another option is to hire Chinese-speaking baby sitters. Local universities often have students who are half-Chinese or spouses of Chinese. This can be an option you can try.
• Other families get au pairs from China.
• Some families hire Chinese nannies to ensure the children grow up hearing the native Chinese tones. Be careful in the hiring though. Truth to be told, there is a large number of people in the US from China who don’t have the necessary papers but are working as nannies. Nannies also take care of your children, so picking the right person is extremely important, especially if they live with you. Friends of ours have gone through multiple nannies and it was not a good experience.

Learning Chinese Online

There are online Chinese programs available for adult English speakers. So far, ChildBook is not aware if there are any online programs available for English speaking children.

Chinese Private Schools

Traditionally, non-public Chinese schools teach a child the Chinese language when the child is old enough to sit still and copy characters. Most schools still use the method of rote teaching used in China and Taiwan. Children in the US are very independent, therefore the rote method may not be the best way for children to learn the words and characters. Instead, the Montessori or ESL method may be used to interest the kids to learn Chinese. These methods place emphasis on using Chinese in conversation . Other programs that teach using a lot of singing and other fun activities will definitely make children learn Chinese easier.

Summer Camps

Chinese summer camps expose the child to full immersion of the Chinese language. Summer camps may be a weekend trip in the US, a full boarding school stay, or travelling to live for several weeks to China or Taiwan. ChildBook produces the largest list of Chinese summer camps available so stay tuned for updates.

Learn-Chinese Materials

There are a lot of products available in the market to help children learn Chinese. Books, videos, audio CDs/ cassettes and software can be used at home to learn Chinese. These materials not only expose the child to vocabulary or tones, but also show the beauty of Chinese culture. These materials can also be used for parents and children to spend time together.

Books

A big challenge to teaching Chinese from books is that one parent/ adult should know how to read it. For families who are starting to learn from scratch together, bi-lingual books are a big help. Story books that can be read along with audio CDs are useful to learn the proper pronunciation. A great introductory book to reading and writing Chinese characters is Long is the Dragon. For smaller children, I Won’t Bite is a very interesting material. Kids will be able to touch and feel the different types of animal skin textures.

Videos

Videos teach through engaging visuals, songs, and repetitive vocabulary. Viewers will also be exposed to how different places and persons look like. In 1 DVD of the Follow Jade series, Teacher Jade goes to a Chinese Kindergarten. Children will be able to compare how their own school and classmates look like. The Bao Bei series has 5 enjoyable videos that teach Chinese vocabulary of a lot of common words. Bao Bei is a panda puppet that children will like to study Chinese words.

Audio CDs

Chinese CDs can be grouped into 2:
• 100% Chinese songs and stories. Some do not have printed guides, others include a book/ booklet
• Learn-Chinese CDs specifically designed for those learning Chinese as a second language. These CDs usually include books, booklets with Chinese, English and Pinyin. Songs are sung in both Chinese and English, or booklets show the English translations. For example, the songs in Teach Me Chinese Book and CD are popular and sung in both English and Chinese. Parents can also learn songs to sing for their children, such as Happy Birthday. This series also comes with a Teacher Guide. Other Learn-Chinese Book and CD series such as Sing and Learn Chinese Series and Let’s Sing Chinese also engages its listeners with interesting songs.

Software

So far, ChildBook is still waiting for a very highly recommended software that is easy for learners to use.

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Best Way To Learn Japanese – A Tale Of Two Cities – Part I

Living in Japan is the best way to learn Japanese because you have the bonuses of having first hand experience of Japanese culture, the country and its people. But before you leave, you need to get your brain ready to take on Japanese and Japan. To lessen culture shock and fortify your acquisition of Japanese, it would be wise to learn to speak Japanese online simply because it is convenient and affordable. Plus the faster you can master the hiragana and katakana (two standard syllabaries that are used in the Japanese writing system), the faster you’ll be able to grasp the reading and writing in the textbooks and hence jump start your learning.

Choosing a city depends on whether you’re a city or a country person, or a bit of both. For those of you who enjoy the city and country life, Okazaki is the perfect city for you to learn Japanese fluently and experience Japan.

Okazaki is located in the eastern part of the Aichi Prefecture (district) in central Japan. It is about a 2-hour ride on the Shinkansen (bullet train) between both Tokyo and Osaka, and Kyoto and Mount Fuji. The main part of the city is bicycle friendly, and to the east are the many hills and the forests that cover them. Okazaki has milder overall temperatures compared to most of Japan, the spring and autumn months are the best times to visit. Also, Okazaki is not as populous as most other cities. The city has many outdoor recreation facilities and parks for the outdoor enthusiast. For those of you who are in need of more contemporary and urban stimulation, the city of Nagoya is only a 30-minute train ride away to the usual big city hustle, bustle, and exciting nightlife.

Okazaki is a prefect symbosis of the old and modern world, of the city and country. This enables you to experience traditional as well as contemporary Japan. Furthermore, despite its recent economic growth, Okazaki has being able to preserve its historical traditions and character. This is evident in the many famous shrines and temples such as the Takisan and Daijuji temples, and the renowned Okazaki Castle. The Okazaki castle was the birthplace of the famous Japanese military leader Tokugawa Iyeyasu. He was portrayed in James Clavell’s novel Shogun based on historical figures and events of Japan in the 1600s. However, Okazaki is most famous for their fireworks. The city proudly showcases these fireworks with amazing firework displays during the three-day Summer Festival in August, which is attended by people nationwide.

Because Okazaki is smaller, it is cheaper to live in and accommodations that are close to the school/college are easier to find. In addition, Okazaki language colleges include free cultural workshops such as making arts with Washi (origami paper) and weekend excursions, such as trips to Kyoto, to visit and explore the old Imperial city. Or you could opt to plan your own excursions.

All work and no play make you a burned out student. So you should take advantage of using your free time to interact with the locals by:
· Checking out the Okazaki bars and restaurants that specialize in tempura or in fugu (blowfish) or udon and kishimen noodle dishes or the world famous Okazaki Hatcho miso soup that is known for its medicinal and health benefits.
· Checking out the Okazaki nightlife that offers many Karaoke bars and local Japanese lounges called izakaya where you can eat and drink.

Remember the best way to learn Japanese is in Japan. However, before you go you need to educate yourself with regards to its history, culture and etiquette, and at least learn basic Japanese. If you want the best of both worlds, then Okazaki is the ideal city to study Japanese. Okazaki offers you a chance to experience a truly Japanese experience without the often daunting “bigness” and fast-paced pulse of a city like Tokyo.

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Internet Is Good Option To Learn Japanese

Learning Japanese online today is truly the most effective means of expanding your second language education. While to take on learning Japanese online, your benefits are numerous, they are mainly two-fold. With the massively equipped language learning software packages today, you can learn in the comfort of your own home, at your own pace, in your own time. All the focus is on you, so you are getting the benefits of private lessons.

Learning Japanese online today is truly the most effective means of expanding your second language education. While to take on learning Japanese online, your benefits are numerous, they are mainly two-fold. With the massively equipped language learning software packages today, you can learn in the comfort of your own home, at your own pace, in your own time. All the focus is on you, so you are getting the benefits of private lessons.

Are you considering studying Japanese, but would like to know a little more about the language? There are many benefits to studying Japanese, and more than one way to go about learning to speak this interesting language. Japanese learning will help you participate in a global economy, learn more about your own culture, and develop a great new skill. Language development, in general, is extremely marketable. In a global economy, it is important to know how to communicate in at least one language besides your native tongue. Japan is quickly becoming a leader in world commerce, and employees who can speak Japanese are in high demand. Studying Japanese could improve your job prospects in a huge way! Even if you don’t plan on being a businessperson, studying Japanese can help you in your career. Those with careers in tourism, journalism, science, or technology can also benefit greatly from a basic knowledge of Japanese. Studying Japanese can also help you learn more about your own language and culture. As you learn to speak Japanese, you’ll naturally compare its grammar and language structure to that of your native language. As you do so, you’ll learn things that you never realized. Japanese is different from all western languages, both in content and form. Learning Japanese is a whole new experience, and one you’ll be glad you had!

There are two basic methods of learning to speak Japanese – immersion and association. Immersion consists of immersing yourself in Japanese culture. You learn the language by going to Japan or entering a Japanese classroom. You learn to speak by hearing the language spoken. Gradually, you pick up meanings of words from context clues, physical actions, etc. Essentially, you learn the language in the same manner that a native speaker did as a child. Immersion is an excellent way to learn a language thoroughly, if you have plenty of time to invest to do so. Association is another way to study Japanese. Learning Japanese by association consists of designing a method, or purchasing a method, to help you to associate Japanese words with their pronunciation and English meaning. You essentially begin by translating English words to Japanese words in your mind, and then learn to string them together into coherent sentences. This is a great way to pick up spoken Japanese quickly. For example, if you have a business trip to Japan, association is a good way to learn key Japanese phrases that you’ll need to know.

Studying Japanese has many benefits. Either way, you’re about to begin a journey into a wonderful and interesting world of language learning and development. Taking private lessons the conventional way is costly – generally in the neighborhood of about $40 per hour! Most language learning software packages today only cost less than $100 – not bad, right? First and foremost is the obvious; to be able to learn a language in the comfort of one’s own home is more than convenient. Too many of us today have daily schedules that are way too busy to set aside any time for taking conventional classes. What we need, is a means of learning our second language to be ready and waiting for us whenever we have the time for it, around the clock, so that we may take on our learning without rearranging our day. But while that may be first to come to mind, it is not the most important. The course is the thing. When you use learn Japanese software, you have a vast supply of multimedia resources at the click of a mouse; video explanations of cultural points and of writing Kanji (Japanese ideographic script), audio files to use to develop your intonation and pronunciation, and tests and quizzes to use to compete with the learn Japanese software in order to raise your scoring higher and higher. There are also vocabulary lists a mile long and learning games to use to memorize them all in a fun setting, as well as printable grammar sheets and conjugation charts, and much, much more.

Software packages themselves are fully equipped with a multitude of multimedia resources, such as video presentations to cover cultural lessons and recognizing Japanese writing characters, and there’s audio for developing one’s skills in pronunciation. Tests and quizzes and learning games, vocabulary lists, grammar and conjugation charts, and printable items such as writing practice sheets are just a small few of the many resources available to you at a mouse’s click. It’s certainly clear to see, using software and the internet is how to learn Japanese. As you try to learn Japanese online, you would face a lot of commitment and motivation challenges and that’s why I think using a language learning software is the best way to learn how to speak a language online. Whichever way you choose, just make sure you learn the language. It not only can be fun to learn, but it also can be very exciting.

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School classroom managment techniques for teaching esl

Today we’re going to take a brief look at how to create a better atmosphere for learning in your classroom. We’re going to be using one very simple technique which I myself have created and used to great success in the classroom with a few of the… how shall we say, less enthusiastic students.

It’s a very simple and straightforward technique that anyone can use and it has a marvelous affect upon the students, not only making them feel better and more confident within themselves, but also helping them to actually want to take part in the lesson.

Okay, in every classroom we have the good students(the ones that are good at English and like to learn and take part) and we also have the not so good one(the ones that sit and talk and don’t know much)

Why has the situation come about? Well there are many reasons for it, too many to go into in this short post. However we’ll just quickly skim through a couple here.

Firstly, many students find English a rather difficult language to get a foot hold in. They have limited opportunities to actually interact and use the language with native speakers in everyday situations. This does not in itself help the progress of the students. At the end of the day most of them will actually see learning English as a boring waste of time. Coupled with the fact that they have now fallen so far behind with learning it, and basically can’t understand a word the teacher is saying. This further acts to discourage the student or students. In the end they just say…. bugger this, and chat away with their friends.

When this scenario happens, you might find that your classroom gets noisy and you begin to suffer from discipline problems.

What can we do? Well, first off identify the problem students. Bring the problem students to the front of the class and sit them individually next to some of the better students, if they both have nothing in common that’s all the better, less for them to chat about.

Please note, that you could inadvertently sit a couple of enemies together, but you’ll soon find out about this if you do and then you can then take the appropriate action to remedy the situation!

Don’t make the lesson too hard, and focus your attention upon the troublsome students and make them do some of the work, like reading from dummy cards, copying you when you speak. Writing a few simple things down. The point here is to bring attention to these students and help them. Don’t expect them to recite a novel or hold a conversation with you on global warming or anything silly like that!

Make it easy for them! Make them use the target language. Then just before the lesson is about to finish bring out the students to the front of the class. Make sure the rest of the class are silent when you do this. Then tell everybody in the class…

These students have worked hard today!

These students have spoken English very well today! I

‘am proud of these students because they have worked hard and tried very hard!

Then start clapping, and encourage the rest of the class to join in. This not only makes the students in question feel great! It also boosts their confidence and makes them feel good. It also creates good feelings about learning the language, and you’re far more likely to get them to work and participate more in further lessons. After all I’ve never met anyone who didn’t like to look good in front of their peers! I’ve never met anyone who didn’t like to be praised and applauded!

Just a little word of warning, do not overuse this technique! It works well! However if overused it becomes a bit predictable, and may even start to look and sound a little insincere.
Posted by thailanddelights

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Preface “The literature parse”

However, that object is very abstract, difficult to grasp. It is not easy to answer the question: “The types that can be said a transfer?”

Based on the assumptions that any of what is achieved in the carrying of all, this book trying to analyze the layers can be moved in me speaking. The boom of the literature in recent years has given us the basis of trust to discuss the meaning of it. With the concept that syntax is not autonomous, that syntax is to download that, we believe Crawls the class of saying that the market will simultaneously establish a basis for the literature analysis cú France. Classes means that, by us, including the description, the Thai, the topic, the purpose of language.

Since the establishment of the basis of such literature, we propose a new approach for describing the syntax structure of English questions.

Directions are derived from the type that can be achieved in the format that the categories corresponding form. (a radical function-to-form), (taking the semantic category as its starting point, it looks into the range of its liguistic manifestation) [Nuyts 2001]. This approach is to thoroughly go from function to form (a radical-to-function form), the linguist Belgium’s Jan Nuyts express a brief as follows: “Get categories as literature point and find out that the role of the language of it “(taking the semantic category as its starting point, it looks into the range of its manifestation liguistic)

Directions is still quite new to the study English grammar. However, by us, here are directions promises many of the results, because we have too much experience with the endless debate during the last few dozen years of trying to use criteria forms to determine components of the syntax by the Vietnamese, a language to form, not ingrain. From the type that can be achieved in the saying, as the basis for the literature describing the syntax structure of English questions, we advocate an analysis of simple questions, based on the experience of receiving about our world and how organizations, presented the experience there. This leads us to recognize that saying as a way to be more offensive, the structural elements of the line asked not to function in reflecting the information under the different sizes there. And the result is, if we look way up the line to have a look “to be” on the questions we must go to an analysis of the module elements of its structure.

This book to readers are students, high school students and research students specialized language learning in particular and language in general. It is also necessary for those who do research and teaching literature, because studies Literary studies is that the message transfer files to read, and the smallest units can transfer information that is me. According to an angle that, the master of the language content of the questions that will is the basis to explore the message of the text be broader. We hope the book will provide knowledge in the study reliable and updated, to help process the problems are still in peril by analyzing and describing the structure of syntax of English questions.

In this book, when quoted, in most cases, we note three parameters: author name, publication year and page number. All information relating to the extraction will be specifically presented in the “References”, organized by order of their authors.The items will be numbered by the number of chapters, accompanied by the discrimination of sub-categories, for example, encounter Section 5.3.2 if you will read that this is in Chapter 5, the second section (ie after 5.3 .1) in the big 5.2.

This book is the result of lectures on literature and grammar that I presented in my high school students and researchers in about ten years.

On the occasion of the book is read your eyes, I would respectfully thank the teachers at the Faculty of Languages, University of Social Science and Humanities Hanoi have created conditions for my present this topic. Thank my friends did not stop the encouragement, help me during the last time. I also would like to thank the brothers and sisters high school students and research students have to follow my topics and has contributed many valuable comments.

I also would like to sincerely thank the Vietnamese, Nxb Education has created conditions for the best book can read your eyes as soon as.

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Learn Spanish online? Is It The Best Method You Have?

Spanish may have originated in Spain but it is the official language of many Latin American countries. In America there are pockets where Spanish is the main spoken language and English is understood by too few people. New York itself is fast becoming bilingual. And Spanish is one of the six official languages of United Nations. All these are enough reasons to go in for a good conversational Spanish course. A smattering of Spanish may be familiar to us but that is hardly enough. Considering the speed at which the language is spreading, we should choose ways to learn to speak Spanish.

In this era of internet, there is no need to search for a traditional class to learn Spanish easily. The language can be mastered from the comfort zone of one’s own abode through any Spanish online course, the way most of the subjects can be mastered today. There is no need to commute when you can access a live Spanish tutor online. Records like a degree or certificate become less important in a field that has been chosen for the enrichment of self, like learning to speak Spanish.

You have Questions, don’t you?

Beginners always have a hundred doubts. How complicated would be the process of learning to speak Spanish? Can anyone really learn to speak Spanish online? Are there enough Spanish language home study courses that provide quality coaching? How can anyone teach me Spanish in a virtual medium? The answer is that these are the questions that plague most beginners. As such detailed and comprehensive answers are provided for these questions by live Spanish tutors online, guiding the students. All questions have solid answers.

A beginner’s first query is probably whether it is difficult to learn Spanish online. Since the learner is free to set the target himself, the question of difficulty does not arise. He need finish only those lessons he can comfortably finish in a given time.

Finding a suitable Spanish language home study courses is the next problem. But in fact this is no problem at all. Internet abounds with online Spanish courses catering to the needs of students at different levels of study. Browse the web and any number of sites would come popping up.

Most people worry whether they can learn to speak Spanish online, because of the difficulty in oral communication via internet. Due to significant advances in technology over the last 5 years, conversations via standard telephone are probably being sent across the internet. The technology is available. Test out the program. See how good it is. There are some really strong online Spanish courses available.

Some people are really worried about these Spanish classes whether they are available online or not. You also need a program which will evaluate your Spanish skills and starts teaching from basics to high levels at flexible hours which suits you.

You have taken the first steps by showing the interest and by inquiring about the lessons. Are you going to take the next steps and begin the lessons? Will you complete the lessons? As with everything in this life you get out what you put in. If you put forth a serious effort about learning the Spanish language, then you will learn it. If you put forth only a half-hearted effort then most likely you will not.

So, be ready to sail through the smooth waters of a conversational Spanish course. There is no need to ask any more questions, since you are the helmsman and not others.

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The Full Explanation of Deaf Culture

In 1965, Deaf Culture was first recognized as a real culture. That was only forty years ago. William Stokoe, Carl Croneberg, and Dorothy Casterline were the ones who introduced the culture of the Deaf to the world. They wrote the Dictionary of American Sign Language and included information about the thriving culture of the Deaf.

Before the Dictionary of American Sign Language was published, people involved in the medical field and deaf education only saw deaf people in terms of their deafness or hearing loss. They never would have though that Deaf people had their own culture.

Carol Padden defines a culture as: learned behaviors of a group of people who share a language, rules for behavior, traditions, and values. Deaf culture fits this definition just like every other culture in the world. They have a language, values, rules for behavior, and traditions.

Language

American Sign Language is the language of choice for the members of the culture of the Deaf. If you are not fluent in American Sign Language, you are not part of this culture.

American Sign Language is a real language just like any other language. William Stokoe was the first to publish the truth about ASL–that it has its own structure, grammar, and syntax separate from English.

ASL is a real language and is the natural language of the Deaf.

Values

American Sign Language is the most valued in Deaf culture. Speech and spoken English do not compare to the natural language of the deaf. Even if a deaf person can read lips, comprehension is no where near that of ASL.

The preservation of ASL is also a value in the culture of the Deaf. Sign systems have been invented to try to help deaf children learn English. These systems include Signed English, Cued Speech, and Sign Supported Speech, to name a few. These systems are not supported in Deaf culture and are not even languages. These systems have deprived deaf children of learning their true language and the ability to communicate naturally.

Not speaking is a value in the culture of the deaf. Because speech is often forced on deaf children, it represents deprivation and confinement to a Deaf adult. If you are hearing, know ASL, and are around a Deaf friend, turning and speaking to someone else leaves the Deaf person out and is incredibly rude.

Socializing is highly valued in the culture of the Deaf. When you are deaf, having a social life is very important because there are usually very few Deaf people in a community. In a hearing world, having Deaf friends is necessary for support. Before text messaging phones, Deaf people would only communicate with their deaf friends through letters or in person. Today, Deaf people still take advantage of the time they have with their Deaf friends. They will stay at a gathering for hours and leave very late. Long goodbyes are more than common.

The members of the culture of the Deaf also value the literature of their culture. These are stories and cultural values that are passed down through signed communication. Deaf culture also has its own art, stories, poetry, theatre, jokes, games, and books. These avenues teach about Deaf culture and Deaf pride.

Rules for Behavior

It is not rude to stare in this culture. Not staring is actually rude in this culture. When someone is signing to you, if you break eye contact, you are very rude.

Facial expressions are required when you are signing. Some non-manual behaviors are part of ASL grammar.

When you introduce yourself in Deaf culture, you use your full name. Deaf people also ask each other for information about where they’re from (what city they grew up in), what school they went to (what residential school they attended), etc. The Deaf community is very small, so they try to find these commonalities with each other early in their introductions.

Deaf people also label themselves in different ways. People in hearing culture tend to label deaf people by their hearing loss–hard of hearing, hearing impaired, etc. In hearing culture, being hard of hearing is seen as better than being deaf. These labels are viewed the exact opposite in the culture of the Deaf. Deaf people call themselves one thing and one thing only when they are part of this culture–Deaf. The term “Deaf” has nothing to do with the degree of hearing loss. Using the term “hard of hearing” is actually viewed negatively in the culture of the Deaf. Using it makes it look like you think you’re better than everyone else (because that’s how it’s viewed in hearing culture). Using the term “hearing impaired” insinuates that you think there is something wrong with deaf people and that they desire to be “fixed.” This is actually the opposite of what members of the culture of the Deaf believe; they are Deaf and proud! The terms “deaf” (“little d”) and “Deaf” (“big D”) are also used and have much different meanings. “Little d” refers to someone who cannot hear while “big D” refers to someone who is part of Deaf culture and shares the language, values, behaviors, and traditions of that culture.

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Online Chinese Schools (Learn Mandarin Online)

Of the many different ways there are to learn the Chinese language, learning Chinese online is by far the most popular method of learning the language, not to mention cheap and extremely convenient. Imagine sitting in the comfort of your home, and learning a foreign language, how cool is that!

Given the great demand there is for learning the Chinese language, one can understand why there are so many different Chinese schools that offer to teach you how to speak Chinese or how to become an expert at Chinese language translation.

Signing up for Chinese language lessons online offers you flexibility and comfort. You can choose to study whenever it’s convenient for you. You are not forced to stick to a routine. As and when you get the time, you can log on and learn how to speak Chinese. It’s as simple as that.

Moreover you are not bound by any time period. If you opt for traditional means of learning Chinese, through a class room session for example, you have to complete this language course in a specified time. By studying online, you can do things at your own pace and flexibility, without any pressure or restrictions. Online Chinese schools are great if you are busy with your career because you can log on to these sites whenever you have the time, and learn to speak Chinese at your own convenience.

The majority of these schools that teach you how to speak Chinese have certified tutors that conduct specially customized sessions which expedite your ability to learn Mandarin online. Basically, you get connected to a live teacher over the internet who has been trained and certified to teach online, and you get a course that has been tailored to your own learning ability, needs, and schedule.

You can learn through various means online, from VOIP software such as Skype, online web chats, and even get lessons in your email inbox (like Mando Mandarin’s “Learn Chinese by Email” program). Learning Chinese online is effective and efficient. All you need is a high speed internet connection and a moment of your time.

You get personalized one-on-one attention. Personal attention is great, as this helps to ensure you learn to speak Chinese with the proper accent. Your grammar, spelling and pronunciation are checked, plus your progress is tracked. Lessons are designed to cater to you specifically, keeping in mind your aptitude, learning abilities and background. You can download all the course material easily and you also have free online audio lessons that help to make learning Chinese easy.

If you search on the internet, you’ll often see many ads stating, ‘Learn Chinese for Free’ or free Chinese language lessons. Do you wonder if it’s possible to learn anything free in this day and age? There are some Chinese schools that really do offer free initial lessons. For example, Mando Mandarin (http://www.mandomandarin.com) actually offers one or two free Mandarin lessons initially, and thereafter you have to pay. According to my experience, the free lessons are very worthwhile and you learn a lot more than you would expect in only one hour with a live online teacher.

Learning to speak the Chinese language and writing is not easy, as is the case with most foreign languages. However it is undeniable that online Chinese schools certainly have made learning Mandarin much easier.

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